|Contrasting agricultural food production systems - commercial, subsistence, intensive, extensive, arable, livestock, mixed farming||Think about it!|
Modern farms operate very much as a system and
have marked inputs, processes and outputs. The inputs can be divided into
physical and human factors, which vary widely from country to country and place
Factors affecting farming
Farms as systems
Types of farming system
These factors are also affected by varying levels of state interference, they role of the market and demand, and transport innovations. The processes that occur can have a huge influence on the productivity of the farming, and many of the processes can have feedback loops into the inputs that are either positive or negative. For example, if Oxen are used in low tech farming their dung can be used as a positive feedback as fertiliser. However, in intensive farming the use of pesticides can kill all pests which could negatively affect other parts of farm ecosystems.
The Types of Farming
Intensive - A high amount of INPUTS are put into these systems so that outputs are maximised. In Poorer nations this has traditionally been Labour Intensive, where huge amounts of man power are put into the system to maximise output. In richer nations this tends to be Capital Intensive, where huge amounts of money for resources and technology are put into the systems to maximise outputs.
Extensive - This farming uses large areas of land with low inputs and outputs per unit area of land.
Commercial - This type of farming is where produce is reared or grown for sale. This ranges from small family farms to huge TNC backed farming corporations.
Subsistence - This is where the food grown is largely for the consumption by the people growing it, with little or no surplus for sale
Arable - the growth of crops such as Barley, Wheat, Rice, cotton.
Pastoral - The rearing of animals for their milk, eggs, skins, meat etc.
Mixed - a combination of growing crops and keeping animals.
Research farming in India and the British isles to cover a range of different farming types. For each type complete a table found here and add its location to the base maps found below.
|Review - complete the Diamond Ranking exercise for each of the farms you researched for India and the British Isles. Print screen the end result each time and paste them under your chart.|