|World Cities - Urban Decline|
Urban decline and regeneration within urban areas
Characteristics and causes of urban decline.
The case study of this is covered by the Newcastle-upon-Tyne Case study. This section deals with general characteristics and causes of urban decline.
Urban decline is the deterioration of the inner city often caused by lack of investment and maintenance. It is often but not exclusively accompanied by a decline in population numbers, decreasing economic performance and unemployment.
Urban deprivation is a standard of leaving below that of the majority in a particular society that involves hardships and lack of access to resources. Places suffering from urban deprivation have visible differences in housing and economic opportunities been the rich living alongside poor people.
of Urban Decline
of Urban Decline
Clearance of Scotswood, Newcastle, an area
that has suffered urban decline
Clearance of Scotswood, Newcastle, an area that has suffered urban decline
Causes of Urban decline.
2. Another cause is the outmigration of wealthier and more skilled people leaves a lesser qualified population. Often tied in with Suburbanisation, this removes people who are better off economically, leaving the area to those who are usually poorer, which contributes to higher unemployment rates, a characteristic of urban decay. In the USA this has become known as “White flight”, as the white middle class gradually left the cities for suburban areas because of the perceived higher crime rates and danger caused by African-American migration north toward cities after World War I
5. The loss of an industry through changing market conditions or a lack of/withdrawal of government support. This has happened in the UK, such as Scotswood in Newcastle or large parts of Middlesbrough. In the USA many of the heavy manufacturing industries were located in the North of the country in cities such as Chicago and Detroit. This has become known as the “Rust Belt” as globalisation and out sourcing of many industries to low wage Asian countries has decimated those industries. In cities like Detroit, entire neighbourhoods have been abandoned as high paying manufacturing jobs vanished and the workers along with them. Rust belt to sun-belt migration has also occurred, with people moving to warmer climates in the South of the USA.
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